Tag Archive: How Can Injuries to the Macula Affect Vision?


Routine funduscopic examination of a 52-year-old man reveals small, discrete red dots located in largest numbers in the paracentral region. Such retinal microaneurysms most often occur with which of the following?

  1.  Sarcoidosis
  2.  Chronic hypertension
  3.  Diabetes mellitus
  4.  Anterior communicating aneurysms
  5.  Chorioretinitis

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A 64-year-old man who has had hypertension for more than 30 years is being examined. The most obvious changes seen during retinal exam would include which of the following?

  1.  Retinal tears
  2.  Optic atrophy
  3. Segmental narrowing of arterioles
  4. Drusen
  5. Telangiectasias

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Injuries to the macula or fovea centralis typically affect vision by producing which of the following?

  1. Bitemporal hemianopsia
  2.  Nyctalopia (night blindness)
  3. Scintillating scotomas
  4. Mild loss of visual acuity
  5. Severe loss of visual acuity

the answer is below…

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