A 64-year-old man who has had hypertension for more than 30 years is being examined. The most obvious changes seen during retinal exam would include which of the following?

  1.  Retinal tears
  2.  Optic atrophy
  3. Segmental narrowing of arterioles
  4. Drusen
  5. Telangiectasias

the answer is below…

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