Archive for February, 2013


A 29-year-old G3P0 presents to your office for preconception counseling. All of her pregnancies were lost in the first trimester. She has no significant past medical or past surgical history. She should be counseled that without evaluation and treatment her chance of having a live birth is which of the following?

  1. <20%
  2. 20 to 35%
  3. 40 to 50%
  4. 70 to 85%
  5. >85%

the answer is below…

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A 24-year-old woman has had three first-trimester spontaneous abortions. Which of the following statements concerning chromosomal aberrations in abortions is true?

  1. 45,X is more prevalent in chromosomally abnormal term babies than in abortus products
  2. Approximately 20% of first-trimester spontaneous abortions have chromosomal abnormalities
  3. Trisomy 21 is the most common trisomy in abortuses
  4. Despite the relatively high frequency of Down syndrome at term, most Down fetuses abort spontaneously
  5. Stillbirths have twice the incidence of chromosomal abnormalities as live births

the answer is below…

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Persiapan IELTS

Ah, sudah lama tidak menulis. Pikiran rasanya buntu karena tidak pernah diasah (bukan buntu, Dok, tapi tumpul. Hehehe…)

Kali ini saya mau sharing dengan rekan pembaca semua tentang IELTS. Wuih, makanan apa itu Dok? Huehehehehe… ini bukan sembarang makanan. Makanan yang satu ini ndak akan bikin perut kita kenyang. Malah lapar membahana ditambah mules. Hehehe… kenapa? Karena memang susah sekali. Eits, jangan khawatir. Posting kita kali ini akan membahas tips dan trik agar tes IELTS kita bisa lebih baik.

Oke, mari kita kembali ke laptop!!

IELTS adalah sebuah ujian untuk menakar kemampuan bahasa Inggris kita.

Lho, kan ada TOEFL, Dok?

Weits, jangan disela dong. Hehehe… Nah, itulah bedanya. TOEFL (The Test of English as a Foreign Language) ini meskipun diakui oleh dunia, namun memiliki keterbatasan, terutama bila kita ingin melanjutkan studi atau pindah ke Negara-Negara Persemakmuran Inggris. Negara-negara Commonwealth ini biasanya lebih suka menggunakan standar IELTS atau kepanjangannya International English Language Testing System. Kenapa? Karena IELTS memang lebih komprehensif. Tidak seperti TOEFL yang hanya terdiri dari tiga sesi, Reading, Listening, dan structure, IELTS memiliki empat sesi, selain reading dan listening, IELTS meleburkan penilaian structure dalam sesi ‘pengamalan’ langsung melalui sesi writing dan speaking. Harapannya, kalau structure oke, seharusnya writing dan speaking juga oke. Tapi… yah, harapan tinggallah harapan (putus asa saking susahnya speaking dan writing. Hehehe…).

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After an initial pregnancy resulted in a spontaneous loss in the first trimester, your patient is concerned about the possibility of this recurring. Which of the following is an appropriate answer regarding the chance of recurrence?

  1. It depends on the genetic makeup of the prior abortus
  2. It is no different than it was prior to the miscarriage
  3. It is increased to approximately 50%
  4. It is increased most likely to greater than 50%
  5. It depends on the sex of the prior abortus

the answer is below…

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Routine funduscopic examination of a 52-year-old man reveals small, discrete red dots located in largest numbers in the paracentral region. Such retinal microaneurysms most often occur with which of the following?

  1.  Sarcoidosis
  2.  Chronic hypertension
  3.  Diabetes mellitus
  4.  Anterior communicating aneurysms
  5.  Chorioretinitis

the answer is below…

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A 64-year-old man who has had hypertension for more than 30 years is being examined. The most obvious changes seen during retinal exam would include which of the following?

  1.  Retinal tears
  2.  Optic atrophy
  3. Segmental narrowing of arterioles
  4. Drusen
  5. Telangiectasias

the answer is below…

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